The effort to change the behaviors and conditions associated with each local condition on a logic model requires the planning and implementation of multiple strategies. This chapter addresses three key components required to design and select strategies:

Environmental Strategies

Environmental strategies incorporate prevention efforts aimed at changing or influencing community conditions, standards, institutions, structures, systems and policies. Coalitions should select strategies that lead to long-term outcomes.

Evidence-based Strategies

Programs or policies that have been evaluated and demonstrated to be effective in preventing health problems based upon the best-available research evidence, rather than upon personal belief or anecdotal evidence.

Comprehensive Strategies

A combination of strategies that when implemented over time will achieve a desired outcome. Comprehensive strategies include a combination of individual- and environmental-focused strategies.

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